Images of the Mothers Who Struggle within the Confines of Their Role

Note: This is an excerpt of my M.A. thesis, “Images of the Mother in Lino Brocka Films: 1970-1991” (2008), submitted to the University of the Philippines-Diliman. Brocka’s films from 1970 to 1982 generally belong to the first cluster of images. Here, Brocka’s familiarity and affinity with the types of mothers as portrayed by the earlier […]

Images of the Mothers Who Question Their Role and Affirm Themselves as Persons

Note: This is an excerpt of my M.A. thesis, “Images of the Mother in Lino Brocka Films: 1970-1991” (2008), submitted to the University of the Philippines-Diliman. As Lino Brocka became more politicized as an artist, he was able to flesh out more progressive characterizations, narratives, and resultant images of the mothers which belong to the […]

Characteristics of the Phenomenalist-realist Film

In The Major Realist Film Theorists: A Critical Anthology, Ian Aitken (2016) identified five characteristics of the phenomenalist-realist film: (1) perceptually realistic; (2) disinterested; (3) nature-like; (4) feeling-oriented; and (5) flowing. In the current essay, I flesh out each of these attributes by expounding on their philosophical influences – particularly Kantian aesthetics – and explicating […]