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Educator Film Studies Joni Gutierrez Films

Poetic, Avant-garde, & Experimental Documentaries

Documentary filmmaking has always been an engaging genre and artistic practice for me. In this post, I present definitions, characteristics, and seminal examples of poetic, avant-garde, and experimental documentary films as well as my own cinematic works to illustrate the discussion.

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Film Studies Phenomenology

Characteristics of the Phenomenalist-realist Film

by Jose Gutierrez III

Five characteristics of the phenomenalist-realist film were identified by Ian Aitken in The Major Realist Film Theorists: A Critical Anthology (2016) : (1) perceptually realistic; (2) disinterested; (3) nature-like; (4) feeling-oriented; and (5) flowing. In the current essay, I flesh out each of these attributes by expounding on their philosophical influences – particularly Kantian aesthetics – and explicating them through selected works from world cinema.

Categories
Film Studies Phenomenology

Seven Kracauerian Cinematic-realist (KCR) Tropes

by Jose Gutierrez III

Seven tropes from the realist film theory of Siegfried Kracauer are presented in this essay. Selected works from world cinema re used to illustrate the discussion.

Categories
Film Studies Philippine Cinema

Kracauerian Cinematic Realism in Lino Brocka Films

by Jose Gutierrez III

This essay describes the realist film theory of Siegfried Kracauer and employs two notions of cinematic realism – the refuse and the transient – in discussing Lino Brocka’s Weighed but Found Wanting (1974), Three Two One (1974), Manila in the Claws of Light (1975), Insiang (1976), Bona (1980), Clutching a Knife (1985), and I Carry the World (1987).

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Filipino Culture Film Studies Philippine Cinema Thesis Chapters

Summary and Conclusions — Master’s Thesis

by Jose Gutierrez III

The mothers in the films of Lino Brocka – a veritable auteur who used film as his medium to expresses his insights through his works from 1970 to 1991 – gravitate towards two clusters of images: 1) the mothers who struggle within the confines of their role, and 2) the mothers who question their role and affirm themselves as persons.

Categories
Filipino Culture Film Studies Philippine Cinema Thesis Chapters

Images of the Mothers Who Struggle within the Confines of Their Role

by Jose Gutierrez III

Brocka’s films from 1970 to 1982 generally belong to the first cluster of images. Here, Brocka’s familiarity and affinity with the types of mothers as portrayed by the earlier studio films, popular literature, and “komiks” (serialized graphic novels) are manifested. Within this cluster, the following images are identified and fleshed out: (1) the “ideal” mother; (2) mother as victim; and (3) the controlling matriarch.

Categories
Filipino Culture Film Studies Philippine Cinema Thesis Chapters

Images of the Mothers Who Question Their Role and Affirm Themselves as Persons

by Jose Gutierrez III

As Lino Brocka became more politicized as an artist, he was able to flesh out more progressive characterizations, narratives, and resultant images of the mothers which belong to the second cluster, namely: (1) mother as transgressor, and (2) mother as aggressor of patriarchy.

Categories
Film Studies Joni Gutierrez Films Phenomenology Philippine Cinema Thesis Chapters

Conclusions Chapter — Dissertation

Investigating Kracauerian Cinematic Realism through Film Practice and Criticism: Life-world Series (2017) and Selected Films of Lino Brocka

by Jose Gutierrez III

This final section presents the summary of the findings and conclusions of the study in three major aspects: (1) a prospective model of cinematic realism that resulted from the project’s phenomenological approach in investigating Kracauerian cinematic-realist film aesthetics; (2) an account of reckoning the Husserlian notion of the Lebenswelt which Aitken (2006) specified to be ‘a key to understanding Kracauer’s assertion that “physical reality” can be redeemed through cinema’ (Wils, 2016, p. 76); and (3) the implications and findings of using film practice and criticism as tools in examining Kracauerian cinematic realism (KCR). Lastly, this section will propose recommendations for further research into the subject using both written and film-based means.

Categories
Film Studies Phenomenology

Siegfried Kracauer, Realist Film Theorist

by Jose Gutierrez III

Siegfried Kracauer was ‘as much a social scientist as a film theorist’ (Armstrong, 2007, p. 62). This is evident not just in Theory of Film: The Redemption of Physical Reality (Kracauer, 1960) but also in his (1) articles and reviews as a ‘practical film critic of the Frankfurter Zeitung’ (Petro, 1991, p. 131) of the 1920s and early 1930s; (2) in his book on ‘film sociology’ (Elsaesser, 1987, p. 67), From Caligari to Hitler: A Psychological Study of the German Film (Kracauer, 1947); and (3) in History, The Last Things before the Last (1969).